Adductor muscles injury
Adductor injuries are injuries of the muscles and tendon tissue in the groin and inner thigh regions. Adductors or a group of muscles that can be found in the medial, inner part of the thigh are functionaly a muscle group whose main purpose is hip adduction, their main task is moving the leg medialy toward the other leg. There are 5 muscles in the hip adductor group: adductor magnus, adductor brevis, adductor longus, m. gracilis i m. pectineus.
Hip adductors or muscles of the groin region are the main stabilizers of the pelvis, hips and lower back during activities such as running or jumping, and as such they also have an important role in the satbilisation of the knee joint. Groin is a part of the body where muscles from the pelvis, hips, abdominal wall, back and upper leg meet and as such that region can be problematic if any of the muscle groups stated above are overloaded or injured because other muscle groups are also put under greater risk of being either overloaded or injured due to the disrupted sinergy between all the muscles in the region. Groin region and inner thigh problems can lead to a series of other problems in the lower abdominal muscles, lower back, upper leg muscles and knee joint or hips.
Hip adductor injuries can either be of an acute or chronic nature, so the pain can be very intense, sharp and last a shorter period of time or it can be more dull and be of a longlasting nature. The causes of adductor injuries can be many, some extrinsic, eg. sport and others intrinsic, eg. anatomy.
Adductors are often injured due to a disbalance in muscle strenght of the medial and lateral upper leg muscles or lower abdominal muscles and medial upper leg muscles. Adductor injuries are more often with the male population because of the anatomical characteristics of their pelvis. The female pelvis is wider and shorter and therefore their femur bones have a different and that makes their inner thigh and groin musculature more flexible. The male pelvis is longer and more narrow and the femur bone descends toward the knee at a smaller angle which makes their adductor muscles shorter,more stiff and therefore more injury prone.
Anatomicaly the injuries can occur on ligaments, tendons or muscles in the grin and inner thigh region and the injuries are more often in activities or sports in which lateral movements, speed and direction changes, leg kicks are very often (football, basketball, handball, etc).
Tretment of adductor injuries is in most cases done through conservative, non surgical approach. In the acute phase, rest, ice, compression, elevation methods should be used in order to relieve the possible inflammation process and pain and later on in the functional phase of the rehabilitation process strenghtening of the adductor and surronding muscle groups, primarily lower back and lower abdominal muscles, should be implemented. Stretch exercises a re also of high importance because they enable a better range of motion in the joints of the region in question.
Prevention: proper and balanced strenghtening of all upper leg muscles, lower abdominal muscles, lower back muscles and pelvis and hip muscles. Hip and upper leg stretching as well as adductor stretching with athletes whose sports activities put that specific muscle group under a bigger load and adductor strenghtening with athletes whose sports do not put enough emphasis on inner thigh strenghtening.
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Program duration is 45 days. If you start today on 04.06.2020., the completion of the rehabilitation program will be on 19.07.2020.
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