Hip arthrosis (Cox arthrosis)
Arthrosis of the hip (coxarthrosis) is a chronic disease that occurs as a consequence of
long-term relations of biomechanical disorders in the joint`s function. It is incurable and
usually progresses over time.
Considering the fact that the disease is not just characterized by articular cartilage
damage with the expansion of changes to the bones that she covers, but also with a
presence of muscular system disturbances accompanied by muscles atrophy induced by
the pain occurring during movement of such a joint, therapy must include both systems.
Surgery and classical physical therapy methods are tending to reduce symptoms such as
pain and swelling of joints, but they do not improve the mobility.
The most important part of physical therapy is kinesitherapy (relieving exercises) that
improves mobility of joints, strengthens muscles and increases the stability of the joints
in order to reduce the burden on the already damaged cartilage, and protect healthy
portion of cartilage from further deterioration.
Beside postoperative rehabilitation, and rehabilitation of those patients who are
suffering of moderate symptoms and surgery is not yet needed, kinesitherapy is also
performed preoperatively. The goal of exercise is to achieve a maximum muscle strength
which is necessary for stabilization of operatively treated joint or endoprothesis, and
thereby enabling the patient`s quickest possible recovery after surgery.
Physical training can be very painful for patients with arthrosis. It is therefore very
important that the patient performs exercises that are designed and approved by experts,
to avoid excessive load of the hip and further deterioration.